At wiGroup, we've spent the past five years developing and delivering a platform that enables retailers, brands, agencies, banks, mobile apps and mobile wallets to work together to make mobile marketing and mobile transacting easy. In the process we've worked with a lot of retailers and learned from every one of them. These are the three most important lessons we've taken away so far.
Whatever campaign a retailer embarks on - whether it's implementing a loyalty programme, partnering with a brand for a special promotion or launching a series of special offers - the ultimate point is to deliver more sales at the till.
So far, so obvious; but mobile brings something new to the party. For the first time ever, it's now possible to track the sales impact of every campaign in fine detail, from first touch to till.
This is a big deal. Sure, it's always been possible to check the sales impact the next day after a new TV ad airs: But now you can do that at the level of the individual customer. Which deals do they go for? What's the lag between getting the voucher and completing the sale? What messages are most effective at triggering impulse buys? What's the real impact of in-store media? You can measure it all.
And then, of course, you need to take it one step further: Change what you're doing based on what the numbers are telling you. Do more of what works, and try something different to what isn't working. Check the numbers again, and tweak again. Do this until you're an expert at fine-tuning your campaigns on the fly.
Retailers aren't all technology experts. Fortunately, they don't have to be - that's what technology suppliers are for. What retailers are experts at, the one thing they seem to do better than anybody else, is understanding their customers.
That customer insight, not knowledge of technology, is what drives a successful mobile marketing campaign. To take just one example, during 2013 we saw mass-market retailers like Shoprite Checkers starting to offer prepaid airtime as loyalty rewards. We think this is, frankly, a stroke of genius. R2 or R5 of airtime means nothing to the average reader of a business magazine, who's probably on a postpaid contract anyway - but to the average South African, it's a real reward.
A retailer needs the right technology platform in place to enable campaigns like this, of course - but that's done, the possibilities are limited only by your imagination.
We've read a lot of white papers in the past few years, and a lot of research reports and articles full of advice on how to do mobile marketing. Most of them have one thing in common: They're not much help in a South African or African context. The reality of North America, Europe and other developed-economy markets is near-universal smartphone penetration, relatively high disposable incomes and a population that's so media-saturated there's a constant arms race to see who can produce the biggest Next Big Thing.
Our local reality is very different. Smartphone penetration may be growing rapidly, but it will continue to be a minority for the next couple of years at least. Disposable incomes are so low people will go out of their way for R2 of airtime - and people are more media starved than media saturated.
A different landscape calls for a different strategy - and those who win are going to be those who understand this best.