A mobile Africa: innovation is key
2012 saw the BuzzCity
network grow by 67% with over 210.8 billion ads served across the globe and this extensive growth in mobile usage is certain to continue as we move through 2013. Recent forecasts from Cisco revealed
that the number of mobile devices will tip seven billion in 2013, outnumbering the human population, thanks to growth in developing areas, such as Asia, the Pacific and Africa.
According to the latest research, when it comes to regional growth it is worth looking beyond the well-known markets of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka as Africa's mobile boom continues. With a hub of activity in the region we breakdown the market:
South Africa - South Africa saw an overall growth of 57% in 2012 and smartphone penetration has grown to 32% and is rapidly becoming a mainstream device. Usage is expected to grow as many more will enjoy the benefits of reduced bandwidth costs and improved infrastructure. Monetisation opportunities for domestic publishers will grow as demand for content increases.
Nigeria - Nigeria's phenomenal growth continues. Three quarters of double digit growth led to a year on year annual growth of 68%. Nokia phones dominate the market (39%), previously 62%), although white box (30%) phones continue to gain popularity (previously 24%). Smartphone penetration remains modest (10%) in relation to the rest of the world and advertisers are targeting feature phones users before they migrate to smartphones.
Kenya - Despite softening demand at the end of 2012, Kenyan traffic saw growth of 45% year on year. As with Nigeria, smartphone penetration remains low at around 12% with Nokia and white box phones topping the charts. However, Kenyans are still avid surfers with more than 1 billion ads delivered each quarter.
Across continental Africa growth hotspots keep emerging. Ghana (61%), Tanzania (81%) and Egypt (14%) are markets to watch. Egypt in particular has a relatively high smartphone penetration (33%) and nearly 70% of Egyptians prefer to surf with their smartphone. While smartphones have seen growth throughout the region it may be another year before it reaches the explosive growth of other regions.
Although the African region might be behind when it comes to smartphone usage, they most certainly are ahead when it comes to creating innovative and convenient mobile offerings. Across Africa and Asia, "mobile phones are used less for talking and more today as platforms to support daily living," writes Robin Renee Sanders, a former US ambassador to Nigeria, who argues that creative apps and mobile services are improving people's quality of life.
For example, we've already seen mobile banking and micro financing entering the mobile market and we envisage mobile healthcare will develop and grow in much the same way; by solving the problem of accessibility.
Another example in South Africa is "MoMaths," a teaching tool that targets users of a popular instant messaging platform as well as an NGO called Refugees United that "offers a safe, secure and anonymous way to find family and friends".
So what does this mean for the future of mobile in Africa?
Innovation is key. Consumers are still willing to do more with their mobile phones, in fact we have seen an increase in mobile commerce, particularly for physical purchases in South Africa (33%). If this continues transactions for physical products may outpace mobile entertainment content this year. In addition, with the reduced cost of bandwidth and infrastructure continuing to improve over the coming year we will certainly see this reflected in economic growth of the region.
About Dr KF Lai
Dr KF Lai is co-founder and CEO of BuzzCity (www.buzzcity.com
), a mobile media company in the development and marketing of mobile services and entertainment globally. Email moc.yticzzub@hsih