Encouragingly, mask-wearing has become the new norm for most people when in public spaces, visiting stores and, for some, when using public transport. However, most people are wearing masks primarily for self-protection with the need to protect others only a secondary consideration, according to the most recent results of the Ask Afrika Covid-19 Tracker study for the period 23 to 30 June 2020. The main aim of the study is to understand the socio-economic impact that the coronavirus, lockdown and gradual re-opening of the economy has on South Africans.
There appears to be a greater awareness amongst South Africans of how the virus spreads and what they can do to better protect themselves. Handwashing is on the rise with 84% of respondents confirming that they wash their hands more frequently now than in the past, 87% are committed to sanitising their hands whenever they leave home, while 76% saying they will continue to wear a mask.
The fact that most people claim that they will continue to wear a mask, wash their hands or sanitise surfaces – even when no one is watching – potentially points to the fact that these may be becoming entrenched behaviours. However, respondents say they are more likely to wear masks in public spaces (83%) and at stores (72%) than they are in familiar environments such as work (44%), socialising with friends (46%), at family gatherings (39%) and religious gatherings (37%). Alarmingly, only 59% of respondents say they will wear a mask in a taxi or bus.
The most common inhibitor to the wearing of masks is the feeling of not being able to breathe, said 62% of respondents. As a result they admitted to occasionally lifting their mask.
Despite a growing acceptance of the current situation there is a growing sense of frustration around ongoing lockdown regulations, which is leading to decreased compliance. According to the latest figures from the study, 70% of respondents are frustrated with lockdown regulations. Nearly 50% believe lockdown rules are too strict while 73% of respondents say people are breaking lockdown rules which is putting South African’s at increased risk of contracting Covid-19.
Growing frustration levels means that people are less committed to isolating socially and staying at home compared to greater levels of commitment during level 4. Lower income groups, in particular, exhibit less commitment to social isolation. However, the majority argue that they have reduced their social interactions and have heeded the government's call to stay at home in order to curb the spread of the virus.
A total of 63% of respondents believe their community is complying with regulatory guidelines, although one in four, they argue, are not acting as responsible change agents.
While mask-wearing, hand-washing and sanitising looks to become a feature of normal life for the foreseeable future for many individuals, it appears unlikely that greeting people with elbows will become a similarly entrenched behaviour. The Ask Afrika study found that only 41% of people are likely to continue using the elbow greeting.
Until a vaccine is found, those individuals not taking every possible precaution to avoid contracting Covid-19 may be playing a dangerous game of Russian roulette with their health.
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About Ask Afrika
Ask Afrika is a decisioneering company. We support our clients’ decisions through facts. Typically, our clients require information around social research and philanthropy, experience measures and consulting, and brand dynamics.
Social research decisions are required around HIV/Aids and more recently, Covid-19. Educational and early childhood development, fair-trade shopping, media and financial research are some of the areas we love to work in. NGOs, public- and private sector clients choose to work with us to get the pulse of the nation.
Besides being decisioneers in brand and customer experience research, Ask Afrika is well known for creating some of the most useful, go-to industry benchmarks, including the Ask Afrika Orange Index®, the Ask Afrika Icon Brands®, the Ask Afrika Kasi Star Brands and the Target Group Index (TGI). Ask Afrika’s knowledge of brands is extensive. The Target Group Index (TGI) survey, which measures psychographics, service, products, media and brands, has been used by the majority of the top 50 advertisers and media owners in South Africa for nearly two decades.
Our clients operate across various industries, including retail, telecoms, finance, and the public sector. We offer tailor-made and ready-to-use offerings for all our clients regardless of the size of project.
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